What is Unani?

In the Islamic world, particularly in Persia (Iran) and India, the traditional medical system known as unani, often referred to as Yunani medicine, was later developed and perfected. Unani began in ancient Greece. Greek philosophers like Hippocrates and Galen, as well as the foundational ideas of the prehistoric Indian medical system Ayurveda, served as the inspiration for unani medicine.
The word “Unani” comes from the Arabic word “Unan,” which means Greece. Blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile are the four humors that make up the body, and the foundation of unani medicine is the idea of balancing these four humors. Any imbalance in these humors, results in sickness, and restoring equilibrium is crucial for good health.
Unani doctors diagnose patients by examining their pulse, urine, stools, and other clinical characteristics. The type of ailment being treated for and the constitution of the patient are both taken into account. The main objectives are to increase the body’s natural healing capacities, strengthen the vital force of the body (known as “Tabiyat” in Unani), and restore homeostasis.
Numerous acute and chronic ailments, including respiratory disorders, gastrointestinal problems, musculoskeletal issues, skin diseases, mental health issues, and sexual disorders, can be treated using unani medicine, which has a wide range of applications. It is also employed in the promotion of health and preventative care.
Unani medicine is acknowledged as a genuine medical system and is practiced alongside contemporary medicine in several nations, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and portions of the Middle East.

List of Unani Colleges in India

Here we can see the list of all the colleges offering BUMS course in India on the official website of NCISM. However we have created a list of colleges offering BUMS in Bihar.
Govt. Tibbi College, Patna100Government
Zulfequar Haider (ZH) Unani Medical College & Hospital, Siwan50Private
Salfia Unani Medical College & Hospital, Darbhanga50Private
Nezamia Unani Medical College & Hospital, Gaya40Private
Sufia Unani Medical College, Champaran60Private

Eligibility for BUMS

=>Candidates are required to pass Class 12 or equivalent examination with science subjects(Physics, Chemistry and Biology) and English core in both Class 11 and 12 from a recognised board.
=>He/she has completed 17 years of age at the time of admission or will complete that age on or before 31 December of the year of his/her admission to the first year of the Undergraduate Medical Course
Upper age limit: As per Letter No. U-11022/2/2022-UGMEB, dated 09 March 2022 received from National Medical Commission (NMC), Under Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB) regarding the upper age limit, there is no upper age limit.
=>The candidate shall have passed Class 12 or its equivalent examination from any recognized Board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology, and shall have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology in the case of general category and 40% Marks in the case of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes.
=>In respect of persons with disability candidates specified under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (49 of 2016), the minimum qualifying marks in the said examinations shall be 45% in case of General Category and 40% in the case of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes.
Candidates need to have qualified NEET by securing a minimum qualifying cutoff percentile to get admission to BAMS course.
=>For foreign students, any other equivalent qualification approved by the University will be allowed.

Entrance Exam

Through NEET conducted by NTA.

Quota of Seats for Admission to BUMS Course

a. All India quota Government.
b. All India quota Government aided.
c. All India quota Private.
d. State Govt. quota/ Institutional quota.
e. Central Universities/National Institutes.
f. Deemed to be Universities.
g. Management/NRI Quota.

Reservation of Seats for SC, ST, OBC-NCL, EWS, PwBD

Reservation Policy of the Central Government in All India Quota seats (Govt./Govt.
aided/National Institutes/Central Universities) counselling is as follows:
SC- 15%
ST- 7.5%
PwBD- 5% Horizontal Reservation
OBC (Non Creamy Layer) – 27
EWS- 10%

Counselling for All India Quota Seats of Unani

Government, Government aided Institutes, Central Universities, National Institutes, Deemed to be Universities will be conducted by Ayush Admissions Central Counseling Committee (AACCC). However for state quota seats of Bihar counselling is conducted by BCECE as UGMAC.

College Fee of BUMS

It totally depends on the college (govt,private,central,semi central,semi govt,deemed etc)
It’s range vary from 1000/year to 2-3lakh/ year.

Syllabus of BUMS Course

First Year Syllabus
Second Year Syllabus
Third Year Syllabus
Fourth Year Syllabus

BUMS Specialization

In Unani medicine, practitioners can specialize in various fields based on their interest and expertise. Some common specializations in Unani medicine include:
· Ilaj-bit-Tadbeer (Regimenal therapy): This specialization focuses on the use of various natural therapies, such as massage, cupping (Hijama), wet packs, hot and cold applications, and other non-invasive techniques to restore health and balance in the body.

· Ilaj-bit-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy): This specialization focuses on the study of herbal medicines, their preparation, formulation, dosage, and their effects on the body. It involves in-depth knowledge of medicinal plants, their properties, and the preparation of Unani herbal formulations.
· Ilaj-bit-Yad (Surgery): Unani surgeons are experts in performing both minor and large surgical procedures using Unani principles and practices, including incisions, abscess drainage, wound management, and other surgical interventions.
· Ilaj-bit-Shumar (toxicology) the study of dangerous chemicals and their physiological effects is the focus of this specialty. It entails comprehending poisonous compounds, recognizing them, managing poisoning cases, and employing detoxification techniques.
· Ilaj-bit-Jarahat (Regenerative medicine): This area of study focuses on using regenerative therapies, such as bloodletting (Fasd), leech therapy (Taleeq-e-Alaq), and other techniques, to encourage the body’s natural healing and regeneration processes.
· Ilaj-bit-Tashreeh (Anatomy). Unani doctors that specialize in anatomy examine the composition, arrangement, and operation of numerous organs and body parts.
Understanding physiological processes in the body and diagnosing disorders are made easier with the help of this specialty.

Higher Degree Courses After BUMS

There are a number of higher degree courses  in unani medicine that let practitioners develop their knowledge and further their specialization. Some of the higher-level Unani courses offered include:
Doctor of Medicine (Unani): This is a postgraduate medical degree program that offers advanced training in various specialties of Unani medicine, such as Ilaj-bit-Tadbeer (Regimenal therapy), Ilaj-bit-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy), Ilaj-bit-Yad (Surgery), Ilaj-bit-Shumar (Toxicology), Ilaj-bit-Jarahat (Regenerative medicine), and Ilaj-bit-Tashreeh (Anatomy). Typically, the MD (Unani) curriculum lasts three years.
 Master of Surgery (Unani): The surgical specializations within Unani medicine are the emphasis of this postgraduate degree program. It offers advanced instruction in the surgical methods and processes used in unani medicine. Typically, the MS (Unani) curriculum lasts three years.

The M.Phil. in Unani degree allows students to focus on a particular field of Unani medicine and is research-oriented. It entails carrying out original research, creating a dissertation, and learning advanced Unani medical concepts. The M.Phil. (Unani) program lasts one to two years on average, though this can vary.
Ph.D. in Unani: This doctoral-level course of study concentrates on research in several facets of Unani medicine. It entails extensive research, writing a PhD thesis, and in-depth study. The Ph.D. (Unani) curriculum lasts somewhere between three and five years, but this varies.
These higher education programs give practitioners the chance to hone their abilities, contribute to the discipline through study, and focus on particular branches of Unani

Career Options After BUMS

Practitioners have a wide range of professional opportunities after earning a degree in unani medicine. Typical career trajectories include the following:
 · Clinical Practice: To provide primary healthcare services, many Unani graduates open their own private clinics or work for already established healthcare organizations. They use unani principles and methods to diagnose and treat patients.
 · Government Hospitals and Institutions: Unani practitioners can work in public healthcare facilities such government clinics, pharmacies, and hospitals. They are able to offer patients medical advice, care, and other healthcare services.
· Graduates from unani institutions can work in academics and research. They can work in universities, research facilities, and educational establishments devoted to unani medicine as research scholars, research assistants, or faculty members.
· Pharmaceutical Industry: Unani graduates have employment options in the pharmaceutical sector, especially in businesses that produce Unani medications. They may work on developing, producing, promoting, or selling Unani herbal formulations and goods. They may also be involved in quality control.
· Practitioners of naturopathy can support public health programs. To advance public health, raise awareness of Unani medicine, and offer treatment to underprivileged groups, they can work in government health departments, nonprofit organizations, or international health organizations.
· Teaching and Training: Unani graduates may serve as professors, instructors, or trainers in Unani universities, colleges, or training facilities. They can instruct ambitious students in Unani medicine and offer hands-on clinical training.
Unani practitioners may serve as wellness advisors or as specialists in matters of health. Based on Unani teachings, they can offer advice on lifestyle changes, diet, nutrition, and preventative healthcare to advance general wellbeing.
· Medical tourism: In nations where unani medicine is well-liked, practitioners can accommodate patients looking for conventional and complementary therapies. They can work in unani medical facilities or in private clinics that cater to patients from outside.
These are only a few instances of the professional paths open to Unani graduates. Depending on the nation, the region, and the practitioner’s personal interests and objectives, the specific prospects may change.

Salary After BUMS

It totally depends on your next move . If you doing post graduation then you will get salary ranging from 40k -90k per month, if you start your own private practice then depends on number of patients visit, if you start doing private practice in other hospital you may get 50k- 100k per month it may be higher if you are post graduate. If you doing nothing you may not get any salary.